Daewoo Nexia

Since 1994 of release

Repair and car operation



Daewoo Nexia
+ The maintenance instruction
+ Maintenance service
+ The engine
+ 3. The engine (two top camshafts)
+ Cooling system
+ Топлевная and exhaust systems
- Electric chain
   6.2. The general description
   6.3. Rules of care of the accumulator
   6.4. Accumulator check
   6.5. Accumulator gymnastics
   6.6. The storage battery
   6.7. System of start-up of the engine
   6.8. Diagnostics of malfunctions
   6.9. Algorithm of diagnostics of malfunctions
   6.10. The traction relay
   6.11. Муфта a free wheeling (МСХ)
   6.12. Repair of knots of a starter 5МТ and 10МТ
   6.13. The generator
   6.14. Diagnostics of malfunctions of generator CS-121
   6.15. Generator dismantle
   6.16. Generator CS-130 repair
+ 7. Ignition system
+ 8. The electronic block of management and gauges
+ Transmission
+ 10. A five-speed transmission and the main transfer RPO MM5
+ 11. Automatic Transmission
+ Steering
+ Running gear
+ 14. A forward suspension bracket
+ 15. A drive of forward wheels
+ 16. A back suspension bracket
+ Brake system
+ Body
+ Heating, ventilation
+ Electric equipment



6.8. Diagnostics of malfunctions
THE GENERAL DATA

Starter

 

2. THE CASE OF THE TRACTION RELAY
3. THE RETURNABLE SPRING
4. THE RELAY ANCHOR
5. THE FINGER
6. THE DRIVE LEVER
7. THE AXIS
8. THE CASE
9. THE PLUG OF THE SHAFT OF THE ELECTRIC MOTOR
10. PLUGS OF THE GEAR WHEEL OF THE STARTER
11. THE GEAR WHEEL WITH МУФТОЙ THE FREE WHEELING
12. THE ELECTRIC MOTOR ANCHOR
13. THE BACK PLUG OF THE ANCHOR OF THE ELECTRIC MOTOR
14. СТАТОР THE ELECTRIC MOTOR
15. BACK COVER СТАТОРА
16. THE COUPLING BOLT
17. ЩЕТОЧНЫЙ KNOT
18. THE BOLT
19. THE WASHER

The scheme of system of start-up of the engine


 

1. THE DRIVE LEVER
2. THE RELAY ANCHOR
3. THE KEEPING WINDING
4. THE INVOLVING WINDING
5. THE TRACTION RELAY
6. CONTACTS OF INCLUSION OF THE ELECTRIC MOTOR
7. TO PLUG "ВАТ" OF THE DISTRIBUTOR OF IGNITION
8. THE SOCKET
9. THE POSITIVE WIRE OF THE BATTERY
10. THE IGNITION LOCK
11. THE STORAGE BATTERY
12. The ELECTRIC MOTOR
13. THE PLUG
14. THE RETURNABLE SPRING
15. МУФТА THE FREE WHEELING
16. THE GEAR WHEEL
17. THE GEAR WREATH OF THE FLYWHEEL

Backlash measurement in gearing of a gear wheel with a flywheel

 


Before демонтажем from the starter engine it is necessary to execute following checks:

– Check of serviceability of system of start-up of the engine.
– Check of serviceability of the storage battery.
– Check of serviceability of electric conducting: to check up integrity of wires and reliability of electric connections of the battery, the lock of ignition, a starter, including "a mass" wire. If necessary to clear contacts and to tighten fastenings of wires.
– Check of serviceability of the lock of ignition and the traction relay: to examine and define a condition of the lock and the relay.
– The raised noise of a starter: for normalisation of noise of a starter at engine start-up to execute the following:

1) By means of diagnostics table to define the reason of the raised noise.

2) to Eliminate the found out defect.

2а) to Check up serviceability of a flywheel: absence of a bend, traces of strong deterioration etc.

2б) to Start the Engine and to note by means of a chalk or coal of top of teeths of a wreath of a flywheel with the greatest radial palpation. To switch off the Engine and to turn a cranked shaft so that noted teeths of a wreath have appeared in gearing with a starter gear wheel.

2в) to Disconnect a negative wire of the battery.

2г) to Check up a backlash between a gear wheel and a gear wreath of a flywheel by means of wire probeа in diameter 0,5 mm, fig. backlash Measurement in gearing of a gear wheel with a flywheel. For correct definition of a backlash it is necessary to centre a gear wheel tooth between teeths of a wreath and to insert probe between top of a tooth of a gear wheel and a wreath hollow. If a backlash less demanded to remove a starter from a flywheel on necessary distance.

2д) If the backlash much more exceeds 0,5 mm and makes about 1,5 mm, to move up a starter to a flywheel. The raised backlash can cause breakage of teeths of a flywheel. For backlash reduction it is necessary to adjust a thickness of linings only on an external support of a starter. The lining in the thickness of 0,4 mm, located in this place, corresponds to change of a backlash in gearing about 0,3 mm.

In the absence of standard linings of a starter it is possible to use flat washers or other similar details.

Check of serviceability of a starter: if the battery, electric conducting and the ignition lock are serviceable, to dismantle a starter for the subsequent check.

It is forbidden to include a starter more, than for 30 seconds continuously. Between starter inclusions it is necessary to maintain a pause not less than 2 minutes for its cooling. The overheat of a starter because of long and continuous work can put it out of action. Details of a starter do not demand some greasing while in service, except cases of full dismantling of a starter.

3) the Bottom bolt of a starter.

4) the Nut of fastening of the main cylinder.

5) the Protective guard of the distributor of ignition.

6) the Negative wire of the storage battery.

Diagnostics of malfunctions of the starter shown in raised noise
MALFUNCTION SIGN
THE REASON
Howl a high-pitch tone at прокручи вании the engine a starter (before engine start-up). The engine for is started up normally
The backlash in gearing of a gear wheel and a flywheel wreath is great
Howl a high-pitch tone after start-up of the engine and отпускания the ignition key. The engine is started normally. This constantly or periodically appearing defect is connected by that the returnable spring cannot deduce a gear wheel from gearing with a flywheel wreath
The backlash in gearing of a gear wheel and a flywheel wreath is small. Radial palpation of a wreath of a flywheel does this defect astable
Sharp increase in noise or the sound similar to a siren, after start-up of the engine and before starter deenergizing
Most a plausible reason – malfunction муфты a free wheeling. Replacement муфты often eliminates this defect
Roar or knock at deenergizing of a starter after engine start-up
Most a plausible reason – deformation or infringement of balancing of an anchor of a starter. It is necessary to replace an anchor